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  1. Week 170 - Saturday

    by , January 2nd, 2016 at 08:22 PM (After a long rest)
    I had a great nights sleep but woke up with a sore muscle on the inside of my left leg. I guess I slept in it strangely or something but even now I can still feel it. It did not interfere with swimming but I imagine if I did breast stroke it would be uncomfortable. If it's not one thing it's another.

    Today was was our normal Saturday race pace set and despite not hitting my goal time for all 16 I got further than last week and I think a few more attempts I will be back to making all of them at which time we will start reducing the send off time.

    500 free with snorkel
    12 X 50 drill/build on :50
    16x100 free on 2mins at 500 race pace
    500 free with snorkel

    The first few were tough today before hitting a groove and I was able to hold :56s until #12. I failed on 13 going :58 but instead of skipping I went easy on #14 and then went :57 on #15 and finished with a :55 on the last one. I was really tired today and throughout the afternoon I have felt like I am fighting a bug. Fingers crossed a good night of sleep and I will be back in my groove.
    Swim Workouts
  2. Fri-Sat Jan 1-2

    by , January 2nd, 2016 at 06:23 PM (The FAF AFAP Digest)
    Friday: Drylands: mini core

    Saxon side bends, 10 x 2 x 15
    power wheel standing roll outs, 8
    TRX forward & backs with forearms on bosu, 2 x 25
    TRX pendulums, 2 x 25
    TRX saw pikes, 2 x 15
    supine flutter kicks on bosu, 100
    supine bench press w/DBs on bosu with straight raised legs, 20 x 2 x 15

    3 miles on treadmill

    Saturday: Swim/SCY/Solo @ Sewy

    Warm up:

    500 various
    100 scull
    8 x 25 shooters w/fins
    100 EZ

    Main sets:

    4 x 25 burst + cruise @ 1:00, 50 EZ

    6 x (25 AFAP + 75 EZ) @ 3:00-3:30
    100 EZ

    fast broken 100 IM, :15 rest @ 50
    150 EZ

    broken 100 fly w/fins, :10 rest per 25
    -- this was awful, couldn't really do the last 25
    100 EZ

    2 x
    10 x 25 fly w/fins @ 100 pace @ :45
    50 EZ

    100 EZ

    10 x 25 flutter kick, hold best average @ 1:00
    200 EZ

    Total: 3350


    Whew, I'm tired from that effort. I am definitely not in fly shape. If I can't do a broken 100 with fins (though I was tired), it's tough to see how I could do it that well in a meet even in SCY. I can't seem to stay UW in a 100 as long as I used to ... I think I'd have to work on breathing every stroke, which I'm not sure is the best fit with my stroke. Something to mull over.
  3. 1|2|16 SCM

    6 x 50 on 2:00 done as:
    • 22m UWDK / 25m easy fr

    4 x 50 on 3:00 done as:
    • 25m UWDK / 25m easy fr

    10 x 30 on 1:00 as:
    • 15m fast fr / 15m easy br

    5 x 30 on 2:00 as:
    • 15m fast fr / 15m easy br

    5 x 30 on 2:00 as:
    • 15m dive from side fast fr / 15m easy bk

    10 x 12.5m on 1:00 fast UWFK

    The UWDK's were done at a pace to hold the UW distance - just 0:20's+ - and work on form. Took about 20 kicks for both sets (22m and 25m).

    Right hand is painfully numb. been like that off and on for awhile, and it's from the shoulder. Unfortunately I irritated it at work last week. I can see a visual difference between left and right shoulder - a small group of the right deltoid has atrophied. Don't know what to do. I'll carry on for awhile and see how it goes.

    Updated January 3rd, 2016 at 11:58 AM by __steve__

  4. Workout 01/02/16: morning

    by , January 2nd, 2016 at 01:13 PM (Maple Syrup with a Side of Chlorine)
    I enjoyed a quiet day off for the New Year with the family [the new Sherlock on PBS was great last night] and prepared for Masters practice this morning, after grabbing breakfast with my son. With our max time of 90 minutes I have been talking up 50 x 50's and we had a good crew come out today. I brought some tunes to play during the swim to keep everyone on track, and Greg was the keeper of the tally...

    200 swim/100 kick/100 pull
    2 x 25 drill [things to think about during the swim]

    50 x ? on 1 minute
    [all choice, 25/50/75, drill or toys optional]
    I did 30 x 75s, 20 x 50s for a total of 3250 yds

    200 loosen and out [I did 300]
    [Masters/Rec/4000 yds/75 min]

    A great challenge set for our group as the main set is over what we typically swim in an hour's practice, and everyone made it! I swam with Greg and Robert, Meg and Kevin were in the middle lane, and Rachel and Melissa were in the far near lane (remember that the Rec is a 6 lane pool set with just two lines). I used the snorkel, pulled and used Agility Paddles along with some stroke 25's during the 75's, and kicked and full strokes during the 50's. Everyone did a great job counting down the number of swims and encouraging each other throughout, and the crew surprised me with a card and gift after the swim. It's amazing how much swimming with the team pushes me to swim more and I think that it helps others to do the same. I am really proud that we all rocked this challenge, and am looking forward to seeing how everyone does with the One Hour Swim at the end of the month.

    Updated January 2nd, 2016 at 05:44 PM by rxleakem

    Swim Workouts
  5. Week 170 - Friday

    by , January 1st, 2016 at 12:27 PM (After a long rest)
    My daughter and I went for massages yesterday. It was her first real massage and I think she will be back for more! She and I are alike and according to the masseus we are both knotted in the same place; shoulder, back and neck. I suspect this is typical swimmer muscle areas. She did great and followed instructions with water and today is not too sore. I have had a small pain in my trees major for sometime and the last couple of times I have had a massage she has worked in this. Last night she went right to it and it hurt a lot but as has been the case after previous massages I feel so much better the next day. After our massages we had a nice family dinner with my wife, kids and parents and then I did my normal fall asleep on the couch as everyone watched tv. I headed to bed around 8:45pm and did not even make it to 9pm let alone midnight. I guess I saw in New Year in Greenland or there abouts!

    Today a group of us met up for a dryland workout. I choose to do an aerobic focused workout consisting of the stationary bike and the vasa trainer. I really felt good today.

    2x(30 mins at 100rpm and heart rate of 110ish, 10 mins at medium intensity on vasa trainer)

    On the stationary bike I struggled getting my heart rate up and assumed the bike heart rate monitor was off. One of my training partners offered to lend me his Mio watch that has a heart rate monitor and it confirmed that my heart rate was at 110. I checked it after the bike and again after the vasa trainer and it was pretty much the same. This seems low to me since I was sweating pretty good. One of the guys said I was just in good shape which I guess could account for it. I may start keeping a heart rate log but I know I struggle with a watch in the pool so maybe I will just do it on dryland workouts or will manually count in the pool. We shall see.

    We are off to a masters New Year's Day party which s always good fun!
  6. Thursdayi Dec 31

    by , January 1st, 2016 at 10:41 AM (The FAF AFAP Digest)
    Swim/SCY @ Sewy

    Warm up:

    500 various
    100 scull
    8 x 25 shooters w/fins
    100 EZ

    Main sets:

    4 x 25 burst + cruise, 50 EZ
    4 x 25 stroke rate drills, 50 EZ

    8 x (25 AFAP + 75 EZ) @ 3:00-3:30
    -- the pool was packed and I was splitting a lane so I opted for
    -- 2 breast, 6 flutter kick (no fins)
    -- I couldn't see my times bc the clocks were not synched
    -- my flutter kick is much worse than my dolphin kick, so probably should work on it more
    100 EZ

    Jim & Bill arrived at this point, so I swam one set with them and then went back to sprinty things.

    10 x 50 @ 1:00
    -- I did 2 x (4 x 50 DPS w/paddles + 1 x 50 EZ)

    6 x 25 power kick w/drag sox (Bill tried some with me)
    6 x 25 shooters w/drag sox & fins
    150 EZ

    8 x 25 w/paddles, fins & parachute
    150 EZ

    Total: 3400


    It was a mob scene at the pool yesterday. There were only three lanes for lap swim with 50+ kids in the other three lanes -- my worst nightmare. But I managed to split a lane or share with Jim & Bill for the most part. I'm pretty tired from that effort so will pass on the pool mob scene today.

    I failed at staying up until midnight last night, despite a gaggle of loud girls at our house for a sleepover. Mr. Fort and I re-watched the two latest Star Trek movies to continue our debate over which series is better -- Star Wars or Star Trek.

    Updated January 1st, 2016 at 03:45 PM by The Fortress

  7. Partners (January-February 2016)

    by , January 1st, 2016 at 12:00 AM (SWIMMER Editorials)
    U.S. Masters Swimming is fortunate to have great corporate partners. Some companies come and go; others have supported us for years. We’re grateful beyond measure for our partners—as a nonprofit membership association, we depend upon their support to offer more and better benefits to our members.

    Sponsorship goes beyond writing USMS a check and getting ad space in SWIMMER magazine. Partners also provide products for special initiatives. Speedo gives hand paddles to coaches in Level 1 and 2 certification. FINIS provides coaches with several of their unique products, as well as donates directly to the Swimming Saves Lives Foundation. Aqua Sphere has given fins to coaches in certification classes. created an entire line of USMS-branded products and donates goggles to Swimming Saves Lives Foundation grant recipients.

    Our competitive members are familiar with nutrition partner P2Life, which provides samples of their products on deck at our national events. At those same events, personal product partners TRISWIM and Malibu C have stocked the locker rooms with chlorine-removal shampoos, conditioners, and lotions—much to the delight of swimmers—who are grateful for one less thing to pack.

    Agon, Nationwide Insurance, and Malibu C have provided generous gifts and convention supplies for volunteers at our annual meeting. TYR and Speedo have provided polo shirts and hats for officials and staff at national events. And anyone who participated in Go the Distance between 2010 and 2014 received prizes from Nike for just meeting their mileage goals. If you’ve competed in a pool event since 2011, Active Network has made it easier for your results to be posted to our Top 10 database. And every year for the past five years, Colorado Timing Systems has donated four digital pace clocks to USMS clubs.

    Most of our partners also provide discounts to USMS members. New partners this year, Rudy Project, XX2i Optics, and dryrobe, are offering discounts for USMS members, with special pricing for coaches. Also new this year, open water adventure company SwimTrek will be offering expanded trip options in North America. Nationwide Insurance offers a member discount on auto insurance—who among us doesn’t need that? And Endless Pools helped Indiana University with a custom pool for research purposes.

    So, as well as ads in SWIMMER and exposure to our members at events, what do our partners get from us (besides our immense gratitude!)?

    We try to find creative, sensible ways to connect you, our members, to our partners. We do this with targeted promotions and offers on products you’re likely already interested in. Each issue of our eNewsletter STREAMLINES contains an advertorial— an article researched and written by a partner on a swimming topic that concludes with how a particular product might be of interest to you.

    How do they know you might be interested? Many owners and employees at our partner companies are swimmers, triathletes, and USMS members themselves. They aren’t just trying to sell products: They’re living and working in the aquatics world with the same passion for performance, quality, and the excitement of seeing others succeed—whether that success is learning to swim for the first time or breaking a world record—as we have. And that makes for a beautiful partnership.

    So the next time you’re considering a purchase, please consider supporting these companies that make it possible for us to fulfill our mission of promoting health, wellness, fitness, and competition for adults through swimming.

    Updated September 1st, 2016 at 10:27 AM by Editor

    Staff Blogs
  8. Week 170 - Thursday

    by , December 31st, 2015 at 05:10 PM (After a long rest)
    I had another good nights sleep. I think this was partly due to my sons choice of movie last night. We decided to do a family movie night and persuaded my son to join us by giving him the right to choose the movie. Of course, he had to choose Terminator Genisys which put me to sleep within 15 minutes. Immediately after the movie I went to bed and slept like a baby. I woke up feeling pretty good.

    Today was another dryland workout and once again I used my new power roller or as I now like to refer to it "the wheel of torture".

    5x(1:30 vasa swim trainer, :30 rest)
    2x(shoulder exercises with bands)
    5x(5xabs done as :45 secs on and :15 second transition) with 1min between rounds.
    6x(1:30 vasa swim trainer, :30 rest) all out
    5 mins on stationary bike
    5 mins on elliptical machine
    5 mins of one leg pushes on vasa against the wall(10 pushes per leg)

    i really worked the abs and vasa today and was hurting so bad it took me a good 3-4 minutes to get up after the last round of abs.
  9. Wed Dec 30

    by , December 31st, 2015 at 10:49 AM (The FAF AFAP Digest)

    rehab ex
    russian twists on incline bench w/plate, 25 x 3 x 25
    seated row negatives, 80 x 3 x 8
    seated straight arm dips, 90 x 3 x 25
    deadlift, 85 x 4 x 5
    kneeling ab crunches, 140 x 3 x 15
    extreme angle isometric squat, 4:00
    rear delt flys, 80 x 3 x 8
    back extensions w/plate, 25 x 3 x 10
    hip abdcutors, 120 x 4 x 5

    Swim/SCY @ Sewy Masters

    8 x 50 various @ :45
    8 x 25 power kick @ :40
    50 EZ
    16 x 50 with some IM pattern @ 1:05
    -- I did this kick with fins; interval was too hard otherwise.
    -- odds = 100ish pace, evens = EZ
    -- even with fins, I could have used more rest on the EZ ones to really hit 100 pace
    1 x 100 EZ
    4 x (4 x 50, AFAP first 25, IM order by round) @ 1:20
    -- too hard for me again
    -- I decided to do 32 x 25 @ IM order @ 100 pace w/fins @ :40
    -- I cruised # 10 and #21
    1 x 150 EZ

    Total: 2500


    I enjoy swimming with Sewy masters, but they try to cram a lot in an hour. The intervals are usually way too difficult for me. Still, I came away with some hard kicking and I really worked the 32 x 25 set. Today, I'm going to do short speed on max rest. I don't feel as sore as usual from weights, probably bc Mr. Fort gave me a half hour massage yesterday.
  10. 12|30|15 LCM easy day mostly kicking

    by , December 30th, 2015 at 03:08 PM (Blog)
    Had to force myself to swim today, was no spirit to my swimming efforts. Recall I had disturbances last night while sleeping, maybe that's the reason. I therefore spent an easy hour kicking at various intensities, did some back and breast, and worked on a few bubble rings in deep area. The bubble ring formations were not the nice, slow rising, poloidal vortexes I can manage. They were amoeba shaped and looked tired.

    Did have the energy to lift weights - legs

    Updated December 30th, 2015 at 10:04 PM by __steve__

  11. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30 AM Workout 01/04/2016

    by , December 30th, 2015 at 11:57 AM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    Would like to stay ahead of things over NY weekend so I will post Monday workout now. Happy New Year!

    ###### 75 minutes ######
    WARM UP:
    2 X 100 1:40
    4 X 150 2:30
    1 X 200 --

    4 X 200 3:00
    1 X 100 kick 2:30
    4 X 100 1:30
    1 X 100 kick 2:30
    8 X 50 1:00
    1 X 200 kick --
    $$200's and 100's: descend 1-4--pull or swim
    $$50's: odd: easy even: fast

    3 X (8 X 25 :40 #8 on 1:20
    Choice--#8 swim is easy

    Swim Workouts
  12. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30 AM Workout 12/31/2015

    by , December 30th, 2015 at 11:36 AM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    $$$$$$$$$ 75 minutes $$$$$$$$$$
    WARM UP:
    12 X 100
    3 on 2:00
    3 on 1:50
    3 on 1:45
    3 on 1:40

    6 X 50 kick 1:20

    6 X (3 X 50 1:05--choice
    #1: easy
    #2: build
    #3: fast

    8 X 150 pull 2:30
    50 fast/50 easy/50 fast
    #8 150 is warm down
    Swim Workouts
  13. Week 170 - Wednesday

    by , December 30th, 2015 at 10:50 AM (After a long rest)
    I had a really good night of sleep and although I was sore I was not as sore as I expected. My abs and traps hurt. I expected the abs but not the traps; I suspect this was a result of the power roller. Today Tom decided to give his welcome to 2016 workout. Despite it being quite a long workout I felt good and actually really enjoyed the swim today. I have not done an aerobic workout like this in a while and it made a nice change. My times were very solid throughout!

    Free base times were 1:20
    stroke base times were 1:30
    kick base times were 1:45

    16x200 done as 4x(200 free, 200 IM, 200 back, 200 kick)
    16x100 done as 8x100 free, 8x100 back
    16x50 free
    16x25 done as 3 no breather free, 1 easy free
    100 easy

    i swam all free except the 25s with a snorkel. I used the first round of 200s as a warmup and then held 2:05/06 on the free 200, 2:25 on the IMs, 2:15 on the back, 2:55/56 on the kick. I was able to hold 1:03 pace on the 100s free and then descended from 1:10 to 1:05 on the 100s back. My back felt good all practice today. On the 50s I held :30/:31 on the first 12 and then worked the last 4 where I held :28s. On the 25s on 20 I made the first 2 rounds of no breathers but started to feel bad on the third set but made it and then on the last 4 breathed once on each of the no breathers. 6k in 90 mins was a pretty good clip and despite being tired I had that good tired feeling and a good sense of satisfaction and accomplishment. I would not have wanted to do this practice on my own but with a few of us it was fun and we kept each other going.

    Updated December 30th, 2015 at 12:32 PM by StewartACarroll

    Swim Workouts
  14. Workout 12/29/15: evening

    by , December 29th, 2015 at 09:27 PM (Maple Syrup with a Side of Chlorine)
    I finished out with physical therapy yesterday and have been happy with the results. I am still using the kenesio tape and my homework exercises, and also purchased an Ankle Board that was developed by my PT for strengthening every muscle from the toe to the lower back. He had a used model that I was able to get at a discount so I will be able to continue this work at home. Here is what it looks like (a little unassuming but a great tool):

    Today I made it to the pool with the Masters crew, borrowing one of the main sets that TxTim posted earlier

    200 free/100 kick/100 pull [did an extra 100]
    4 x 25 burst and cruise

    3 x
    - 2 x 50 on 1
    - 1 x 100 on 2
    - 2 x 50 on
    - 1 x 200 on 4 pull
    [used snorkel on all 200s, first round with AP, back on 50s with 100 IM on second, fly on 50's on third round

    300 loosen and out
    [Masters/Rec/2400 yds/60 min]

    Shared the pain with Greg, Matt, Jim and Beth. Tim was on his own. A great workout. Since my knee is doing better I am planning to add in more kicking, as well as continue using the bike and elliptical a couple of times a week. It has been nice hitting the gym with my son again.

    Last night our region had the first snow storm of the year, which was more of a mixed bag with snow, sleet, ice, and rain. It turns out that it broke a record for the latest first snow of the year and also marked 272 days (March 31st) since the last snow fall, which is second longest stretch of days (first place is 275) in history since they started tracking these things in October of 1884. That meant that I was able to get some drylands in this morning as I shoveled the walkway and end of the driveway.

    Updated December 29th, 2015 at 10:16 PM by rxleakem

    Swim Workouts
  15. 12|29|15 LCM Ca⁺⁺

    by , December 29th, 2015 at 04:05 PM (Blog)
    200 easy drills with fins

    4 x 50 on 5:00
    • 34
    • 30
    • 31
    • 31

    Wanted to try a leaking calcium set. Bottom line, it's just an acid production set.

    Yoga for swimmers core in the evening - accomplished about 93% of it

    Updated December 29th, 2015 at 08:35 PM by __steve__

  16. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30 AM Workout 12/30/2015

    by , December 29th, 2015 at 10:33 AM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    ##### 75 minutes #####
    WARM UP:
    3 X 100 1:50
    1 X 150 2:45
    1 X 200 3:30
    1 X 150 2:30
    3 X 100 1:40

    3 x 100 kick 2:30
    Second 50 fast

    1 x 200 IM 4:00
    1 x 100 stroke 2:15
    1 X 50 stroke 1:30
    Three rounds.
    50's/100's: stroke--no free

    5 x 250 pull 4:15
    Last 50 fast on 1-4
    swim #5 is warm down
    Swim Workouts
  17. Week 170 - Tuesday

    by , December 29th, 2015 at 09:45 AM (After a long rest)
    I slept much better last night and felt good when I woke up. Today's workout was a dryland workout. My ab power roller arrived on Saturday so today was test day. No doubts about it, it brings a whole new dimension to my abs. My only concern is that it significantly increases the pressure on my lower back which right now is very sore. I think I over did it today and will grow this in my core program. Today I used it twice per round of core exercises and on round 5 I was mush!!!!

    5x(1:30 vasa swim trainer, :30 rest)
    2x(shoulder exercises with bands)
    4x(5xabs done as :45 secs on and :15 second transition) with 1min between rounds.
    6x(1:30 vasa swim trainer, :30 rest) all out
    5 mins on stationary bike
    5 mins on elliptical machine
    5 mins of one leg pushes on vasa against the wall(10 pushes per leg)

    i am tired!!!
  18. Mon Dec 29

    by , December 28th, 2015 at 06:24 PM (The FAF AFAP Digest)
    Swim/LCM @ Pitt

    Warm up:

    500 (did 400)
    8 x 50 kick w/fins @ 1:10
    -- some easy, some 25-35m shooters, some burst + cruise
    50 EZ

    Main sets:

    4 x 100 free w/paddles with some breathing pattern @ 1:45
    -- I did 4 x 50 free w/paddles @ 1:45
    odds = free @ 200 pace
    evens = free @ 100 pace
    50 EZ

    6 x 50 power kick + cruise w/fins @ 1:00
    -- I did 4, interval was too hard, and then a 50 EZ

    5 x 100 free with some breathing pattern @ 1:40
    -- No, I did 6 x 50 @ 1:40
    odds = fly with fins @ 100 pace (28s, maybe a tad fast for 100 pace)
    evens = EZ
    50 EZ

    5 x 100, 8 SDK off each wall then build each 50 @ 1:40
    -- I couldn't even do this in short course, much less long course ...
    -- I did 6 x 50 @ 1:40
    odds = breast w/fins (33s)
    evens = EZ
    50 EZ

    6 x 150 done as: :30 AFAP kick, cruise to wall and then 100 EZ @ 4:30
    -- I only did a 50 EZ
    -- This was the same set that I did yesterday ... ouch
    -- Did backstroke kick, got about 8 meters or so from the wall

    4 x 50 SDK as far as possible w/fins @ 1:30
    -- No, I was toast and skipped this set
    200 EZ

    Total: 2850 m


    The intervals were way too hard for me today -- distance day -- but it seemed to work well to chop most distances in half. I still feel like it was a hard workout with 8 x 50s @ 100 pace (collectively) and 6 x :30 AFAP kick. I'll probably have to do some sort of recovery workout tomorrow.
    Swim Workouts
  19. What's My Time?

    by , December 28th, 2015 at 03:55 PM (Rules Committee Blog)
    What's My Time? It is the question that every swimmer wants to know as soon as the race is over. But, with different types of timing systems, the possibility of malfunctions, and the requirements for records to be established, the answer can be more complicated that many swimmers realize. Determining official time is one of the key jobs for officials and one that we all take seriously since every swimmer is entitled to the most accurate time that we can determine for each race. Much of the work to determine official times and get the results published takes place behind the scenes at a meet.

    USMS rules define different types of timing systems and levels of timing systems that can be used for different official purposes (103.17.1, 103.17.2, and 103.18.4). A "fully automatic" system is one which uses an automatic start (activated by the starter when the starting signal is given) and a touchpad finish. The term "fully automatic" means that the timing system does all of the work and no human action (like pressing a button) is required. A fully automatic system is considered the most accurate type of timing system and is therefore the highest level of timing possible. Times obtained from a fully automatic system are good for any purpose, including world records, USMS records, LMSC records, and USMS top ten rankings (103.18.4). If everything is working correctly, the time recorded by the touchpad at the end of your race becomes your official time (103.17.8-A). With modern electronic scoreboards, swimmers often have the luxury of seeing the official time as soon as the race is completed - for better or worse!

    But, the scoreboard times are not official times until reviewed by an official (103.7.2-C). Sometimes swimmers are surprised when their posted time in the results does not match the scoreboard. Why would that be the case? Sometimes touchpads can malfunction, either by failing to record a touch, recording a late touch, or (rarely) an errant early touch. More often, swimmers fail to touch the pad with enough force to record a touch at the finish or touch some other part of the wall. If you finish your race and look up at the scoreboard only to see the clock still running, that is a pretty good indication of a malfunction! The officials will use both observations and comparisons of primary and backup times to identify malfunctions.

    Because automatic timing systems can malfunction, the rules require backup systems (103.17.2-B). Most commonly, timers stationed at the finish end use buttons (which are also connected to the electronic timing system) to record a backup time. A timing system that uses an automatic start and a human-recorded finish is known as a "semi-automatic" system (103.17.1-B). Because human reaction times are involved (and buttons can also malfunction), we usually need more than one button time to ensure accuracy. Volunteers are hard to find, so many times it depends on how many timers are available.

    If the pad time is invalid, do we just use the button times to determine your official time? Not necessarily. Remember that button times are not as accurate because there is human reaction time involved. So, the rules define several different methods to correct for this inaccuracy (10317.3-C through G). The referee may determine that a consistent average difference could be added to (or subtracted from) all of the button times at a single meet. Some timing systems already apply a standard correction factor and others do not, so it may depend on what brand of timing system is being used. The referee may also determine that a specific correction factor is needed for an individual lane malfunction. This is typically done by calculating the difference between all of the good pad times and the button times for every other lane in the same heat. The average difference is then used as the correction factor. Even more accurate would be to calculate the average pad-button difference for several heats on the same lane before and after the race in question. If the buttons fail, watch times can still be used for this purpose, but more often watch times are simply used for comparison to help identify malfunctions.

    A recent innovation in elite meets is the use of stationary overhead cameras, which may be used instead of backup buttons provided they are fully integrated with the primary timing system. (103.17.2-B)

    Why do we go to all of this trouble? Because the rules say that any corrected time (using any of these methods) is just as good a fully-automatic (pad) time, whether one, two, or three buttons are used as backup system. Corrected times can used for any official purpose, including records and Top Ten. (103.18.7)

    If touchpads are not available, a semi-automatic system can still be used as the primary timing system for the meet. But, for records to count, you must have three buttons (which means three timers) for each lane. USMS top ten rankings can still be achieved with a semi-automatic system using two timers per lane. And, if no electronic timing system is available, hand-held watches can still be used, but three watches are necessary for records and two watches for top ten rankings.

    One rule every swimmer will be glad to know exists is 103.18.6. "No swimmer shall be required to re-swim a race due to equipment failure that results in unrecorded or inaccurate time or place." That is another reason for multiple backup systems and procedures to ensure that every swimmer receives a fair and accurate time.

    In response to changes in USA Swimming rules, USMS will have a task force studying the rules for official time determination in 2016 that could result in some changes, but any changes would not occur until 2017.
  20. Week 170 - Monday

    by , December 28th, 2015 at 12:05 PM (After a long rest)
    I slept horribly on Saturday night and last night(3 days and counting). I must have got up 4 times last night and each time struggled to get back to sleep with my mind thinking work; even though I am off for a week. I felt hideous in warmup and the transition set but felt much better on the main set but was still tired. Today was a 90+ min workout

    Warm up
    400 free with snorkel
    6x50 catchup on :45

    main sets
    10x50 drill, swim on :50
    6x(100 free with paddles on 1:05, 50 kick on :45, 100 stroke on 1:15) start on next top
    200 easy
    4x(100 kick with fins on 1:30, 2x25 no breathers with fins on :30)
    8x100 IM on 1:40
    3x(4x25 with fins on :30 done as open, close, easy, fast)
    8x50 drill on :50

    warm down
    200 easy

    i held :54/:55 on the 100s free with paddles, :42s on the kick on 1:05/:06s on the 100 back. I was really hurting on this set but somehow held on with no real slippage time wise. The kick with fins I was holding 1:00 and made all the under waters. On the IMs I went 1:09/10s.
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