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Sports Medicine Blog

Information shared here is not intended to be a substitute for professional or medical advice on personal health matters. For personal medical advice, or if you are concerned about a medical condition or injury, please see your healthcare provider for evaluation and care.

  1. Fructose and Diabetes

    A recent article in the March 2015 online edition of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings looked at data from both animal and human studies and found that added sugars (e.g., sucrose and high fructose corn syrup) contribute to the development of diabetes and related problems, including cardiovascular disease. Sucrose consists of a molecule of glucose and a molecule of fructose. The authors implicate the fructose molecule. The point out that the same associations are not found to the same extent with glucose and starchy foods per se. They point out that the World Health Organization recommends no more than 5% of one's daily energy intake come from added sugars. The US Institute of Medicine allows up to 25% of calories from added sugars. It is worth noting that the sugar lobby exerts enormous pressure on US organizations making dietary recommendations. Eating unprocessed or whole foods eliminates most added su
    gars. If you haven't seen the film Fed Up , I would highly recommend it. The filmmakers encouraged viewers to try one week without any added sugars. It is much more difficult than you'd think!
    --Jessica Seaton, DC
  2. The Effect of Exercise on Glycemic Control in Diabetics

    Type 2 diabetes is a growing problem not only in the United States, but worldwide. A Spanish study published in Nutricin Hospitalaria searched the literature looking for studies on exercise and diabetes. They found that aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, a combination of the two, and high intensity interval training all resulted in improving glycemic control. While the combination of aerobic and resistance offered the most benefit, they found that having a structured format that included a prescribed frequency, volume and intensity was essential. Consistently swimming with a masters swimming club would offer all of these benefits. Swimming on your own will as well, if you're consistent and give yourself a structured workout.