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Ask the ALTS Experts

Answers to your trickiest ALTS questions from our lead instructors. Email your questions to Holly Neumann.

  1. Ask the ALTS Experts

    by , June 29th, 2017 at 02:21 PM (Ask the ALTS Experts)
    ALTS questions answered by Morgon Latimore, lead ALTS instructor and owner of Latitude Pure Coaching:

    I have a new client who is signed up for her first triathlon in four weeks. She can swim, but she tires easily and is afraid of panicking. Whats a good strategy to get her ready for the half-mile lake swim?

    A large number of athletes in a triathlon deal with anxiety in the swim. This is somewhat normal for beginners. Lakes, rivers, oceans all come with different challenges, but you can make your athlete more prepared by doing some open-water drills in the pool and can getting them in the open water prior to race day. Things like the water polo drill will help them work on the neck and core strength needed while sighting; putting 3-4 other swimmers in one lane (side-by-side) will help with the anxiety/panicking a swimmer may get from swimming with other swimmers around them.

    There are many ways to help your swimmer, but I would suggest the athlete start in the back, outer side of the pack. This will keep her away from the faster swimmers who will swim tight to the inside of the buoys. You should have her practice sighting every 3-5 strokes so she swims in a straight line. Pick a large object higher than the buoys in the water. A tree or building are good objects to use. Get to the swim start early to find what you can use.

    If your swimmer tires easily, make sure she is breathing every-other stroke and is not breathing every 3, 5, or 7. Breathing every-other stroke will supply them with the oxygen needed to stay relaxed and prevent her from holding her breath because she is nervous.

    Lastly, a wet suit will give her more confidence and reassurance that she will be safe. Also, she will be able to swim to the lifeguards in the water, as long as there is no forward progress. This is a good time to rest and catch her breath and relax. If she has a panic attack, tell her to stop swimming and float on her back until she calms down and is ready to start swimming again. Reassure her that she can do it and to believe in herself.

    Good luck to you and your swimmer!

    Id like to expand my ALTS program. What is the best way to get new clients?

    Be the MAYOR!

    What I mean by that is you need to really get involved in your local community and make sure they all know you have an ALTS program and where it is. Volunteer to talk about swim safety where adults hang out. Clubs, corporate events, social media, swimming meets (just because kids can swim doesn't mean the parents can), and word of mouth. Check to see what other swim instructors are doing in your area, and make your program better.

    Do this for 6-12 months, and they will start coming to you. The key is the more people you can expose your program to, the more likely they will come to you. Continue to change lives with your ALTS program!

    Id like to use my training and experience to help adults in disadvantaged communities learn to swim. How I can get the word out and get people to the pool?

    Well, this is challenging but never impossible. You will really need to educate your community on the ALTS program and why it is so important to learn to swim. Making it convenient to them is important because if they are going to school or are working, they may not have much time. Get out and ask individuals to take the lesson -- don't wait for them to come to you -- you get out and find them. This may create a buzz in your area. You can talk to the aquatics director at the pool you teach at and try to create a free ALTS program. This will bring people to the pool, and cities love that.

    Your journey may start off slow, but if you stick with it, you may have more people wanting to learn how to swim than you can handle. This is a good problem to have! Good luck and remember swimming saves and changes lives!
  2. Hour-swim fundraiser gives SSLF a boost

    by , May 11th, 2017 at 11:52 AM (Ask the ALTS Experts)
    In this edition of Ask the Lead ALTS Instructor, we hear from Bill Meier, who used his position as head Masters coach to facilitate a fundraising drive for the Swimming Saves Lives Foundation.

    How did you inspire your swimmers to raise money for SSLF through the one-hour swim?

    My team, the Simons Rock PaceMakers, has been doing the USMS 1-Hour ePostal National Championship in January for many years. It is one of our yearly training milestones and an event that a large percentage of the team looks forward to. As a team, the event has grown from a few masochists meeting at a predetermined date to trade swimming and timing duties to the whole team gathering on a Saturday morning, taking turns with a stop watch (or cell phone!) and swimming, and then everyone retiring to the nearest watering hole to rehydrate. If misery loves company, the hour swim takes that company and turns it into a party!

    I believe that any event that involves the PaceMakers should evolve. With the expansion of the hour swim into a true team event, I wanted to use the momentum and put it toward a good cause. The hour swim is traditionally about personal goals how far you went last year/how much farther can you go this year. The similarity to a swimathon is unmistakable, except there is no charity benefiting from our efforts. This year, we reconsidered this missing element and decided to add one in.

    The Swimming Saves Lives Foundation is the charitable arm of U.S. Masters Swimming. This year, it gave close to $90,000 in grants to our fellow Masters clubs and swim-lesson providers so that they can provide swim lessons to adults in their communities. Each year, requests for grants increase and the number served is only limited by the amount of money in the foundation coffers. The more money available, the more lives will potentially be saved!

    As plans developed for our team event on Jan. 28, I sent an e-mail to my swimmers explaining that I would like to turn the hour swim into a fundraiser for the most appropriate charity I could think of the Swimming Saves Lives Foundation. I created a simple pledge sheet that gave donors the option to contribute a fixed amount or an amount based on laps completed. At the top of the sheet, I included a brief explanation of SSLF, the goals of the grants, and our tax ID number. The last sentence asked to have all pledges in by the end of February. At the next practice, I encouraged people to read the e-mail and consider this idea.

    As literally the first Masters club to take part in the April is Adult Learn to Swim Month campaign, as past recipients of SSLF grants, and as a group of people who have gotten used to a coach who likes to experiment, the swimmers on my team are generally willing to give anything a try at least once! The 400 IM sure! Volunteer lessons for the community alright! A swim-bike-swim-bike-swim uhmOK! I like to give to my team. I dont like to take, and I especially dont like to ask for money. My approach to this new fundraising experiment was to throw it out there and see what happens. What happened gives me hope for the future!

    By the following week, people were bringing me checks. Before practices, swimmers showed me full pledge sheets. On deck, swimmers compared notes on what to say to friends concerning this project. Most of all everyone was EXCITED. My swimmers were saying things like, If I can do another 500, Ill make this much more money. The fundraising actually became a motivator to do more laps.

    Each week, I would remind people that the hour swim was approaching, and that we were doing this as a fundraiser. I put a folder on my door with extra copies of the pledge sheet. Besides that, I did nothing else, feeling that the importance of the SSLF mission would be all the motivation needed.

    The actual hour swim was more festive than ever before. The best quote of the day was, I feel like Im swimming for all the people who made pledges. We had introduced an element of giving back to an event that was previously focused on the individual, and from my experience with the PaceMakers, this can be quite powerful. The rehydration party post-swim was one of the more memorable events Ive had with this group of athletes.

    By the end of February, after weekly reminders, the team brought in over $5,000 with little extra work on my part. Any extra work, though, was completely offset by the effect this project had on my team. Once again, we had experienced the power that giving back can have on a group of like-minded individuals. I would strongly recommend helping your team experience this also.
  3. Ask a lead ALTS instructor

    by , February 11th, 2017 at 09:17 PM (Ask the ALTS Experts)
    Answers to your trickiest Adult Learn to Swim questions, by USMS-certified lead ALTS instructor Dominic Latella:

    Some of my students have physical limitations that make the competency test a real challenge. What is the best way to deal with this?

    Its always a good idea to have an initial interview with your clients and ask them about any injuries or limitations they may have. This way, you know early on if you need to make some adaptions for them. Once you have identified any limitation, you can prepare to adjust their competency test. For instance, if someone cannot pull themselves out of the water, theyll need to be at a pool that has access to a ramp or a ladder.

    I get lots of questions about swim toys. What are some of the best pieces of equipment for new swimmers and why?

    Its most helpful to use equipment that is available to your swimmers when theyre not working with you. This way theyll feel comfortable enough to practice on their own. Fins are one of the most helpful pieces of equipment for new swimmers. Fins help support buoyancy and will help strengthen muscles used for swimming. Another toy thats good for new swimmers is a snorkel. A snorkel helps people who struggle to take a breath gain confidence with the act of swimming. This will help them focus on becoming more comfortable in the water before going back to focus on working on the breath.
  4. Ask a Lead ALTS Instructor

    by , October 6th, 2016 at 09:30 AM (Ask the ALTS Experts)
    Adult Learn-to-Swim questions answered by Lead Certified ALTS Instructor Dave Burgess:

    1) I would love to teach adults to swim as a part-time job, and I want to work independently. What is my first step? How do I find pool space and clients?

    Working independently is a great way to fill some part-time hours with rewarding work. And pool space is sometimes easier to procure than people anticipate. Look to your local high school and college facilities. They often rent lane space for community programs, lessons, and swim clubs. Local YMCA or JCC facilities are options however they may want be the administrators of the program that is being offered. If youre looking to be in full control of your offering, then the high school, or college, pool options are attractive. And remember, you might not need a 25-yard pool to get things off the ground. Gyms or fitness centers that have smaller pools could be an option and not only does this provide an additional offering for the gym, but it could also mean new long-term members for them.

    Advertising for your services can be done via simple flyers at the pool facility, as well as at local gyms, markets, etc. Social media and a website are always good options, but its amazing what some simple flyers and word-of-mouth will produce.

    Also look into creating a sole proprietorship registration with your state. Its cheap, and doing so legitimizes your business and income.

    2) I have two swimmers who want to take lessons together, but they are at very different skill levels. How can I best manage their lesson time?

    A group lesson with two individuals is a great way to maximize your time. However, when you have clients of differing abilities, it can create some challenges. If the clients in question are friends, or know each other well enough, then you can certainly make it work. The challenge is simply that one will be moving faster than the other in regards to skills progression.

    However, you need to do an initial assessment to ensure that they are not too far apart from one another you dont want be stretched too thin during sessions as you need to provide equal attention to both individuals. There is a safety issue to consider, too, as you cannot divert your full attention from one swimmer to another if they are doing very different skills.

    To keep things easy for you, and to ensure that each client gets the attention and service they require, in this situation it might be best to run separate sessions. Theyll get a better experience in the long run. Your word-of-mouth marketing will thank you for it!

    3) I have a student who is starting to get frustrated because he can swim, but cant seem to coordinate the breathing. What are your best tips for learning to side-breathe, and do you recommend a snorkel for a student like this?

    The best steps to address the coordination of breathing while swimming freestyle is to revisit the breathing progression of skills.

    Standing and holding onto the wall/gutter, move through the breathing motions. Then add the single-arm stroke still standing, holding onto the wall working on the head movement and breathing to the side. You can then progress to having your client push off the wall, take a couple of strokes, breathe, and stop. Just one breath! Stopping at one breath initially makes the skill more attainable. Then move to two, and so on. And as always, ensure that they are off-gassing, or blowing bubbles, so breathing in is easier.

    This is sometimes a difficult skill, as it can require a lot of coordination. While it can be frustrating, it is frequently beneficial to take a step or two back and revisit previous skills to reinforce the confidence. Provide positive reinforcement that your student is doing a great job, and that, in time, this skill will come.

    A snorkel can be used initially to ensure good air exchange (blowing bubbles or off-gassing with the head submerged) and very well might make it easier for the student to feel comfortable exhaling while their face is submerged. Once they are comfortable with this, then they can remove the snorkel and move to the breathing progression.
  5. Ask a Lead ALTS Instructor

    by , June 24th, 2016 at 09:59 AM (Ask the ALTS Experts)
    This issue's entry is answered by Lead ALTS Instructor Lisa Brown. Lisa is the aquatics director at Zionsville Aquatics Center in Zionsville, Ind.

    Q: I want to add adult lessons to our facilitys schedule, but my aquatics director doesnt see the need. What can
    I say to convince her?

    When discussing any programming idea with a director, always think, What is in it for the facility? What income opportunities are there with adult learn-to-swim programs? Be sure you know what other adult programs exist, as this would appeal to a similar crowd. The swim lessons might compete with other programs, or they might be a natural addition how many people taking water aerobics need swim lessons? Very likely, many of them.
    Remind the aquatics director that adult lessons bring in the heads-of-households that have the decision-making power to bring in more family members for income opportunities such as childrens lessons and other programming.
    Inform the director about studies that show that many adults who do not know how to swim, also have children who do not know how to swim. In fact, only 13 percent of children of nonswimmers will ever learn to swim, according to the USA Swimming Foundation. Its a vicious circle that your facility can help stop, making a difference in the community.
    Tell the director about ALTS marketing assistance from USMS -- banners and printed materials, as well as the searchable database for the public to find certified instructors, and the searchable Places to Swim page on The ALTS program can be listed on the facilitys Places to Swim entry, as well as other programming. The ALTS program will drive people into the facility. And once the customers are happy with their lessons, they will share their experience with friends and family.
    What would it cost to add adult learn-to-swim? Just a little pool space, and the benefits will pay off for years to come.

    Q: How can I convince my aquatics director to send some of my co-workers to get USMS-ALTS certified?

    The ALTS certification provides the instructor proven training and strategies tailored for adult learners. Once certified, the ALTS instructor is part of a nationally recognized program that is standardized across the nation. Having this education and training boosts the success rate of the lessons, and if the lessons are more successful, more people will sign up, bringing in more business and income to the facility.

    Q: I have a student who has learned the basics, and wants to swim for exercise. He doesnt want to join our Masters team. What should I teach him first?

    Teach him how fun it is to swim with another person. Swim with him, as an instructor and as a friend. In the water, you can show him the techniques that will help refine his stroke.
    Teach him how to use a pace clock to train, how to circle swim, how to work on a powerful kick and how to do flip turns. Remind him that swimming is ever-changing: as you perfect one part of your swimming there is always something else to improve upon. Make sure he knows he does not have to be a master swimmer to be part of a Masters team, and that sometimes swimming with a group can help you get better. If your student is still not interested, that is fine, just teach them the fun points of lap swimming.
  6. Ask the ALTS Lead Instructors

    by , April 6th, 2016 at 02:01 PM (Ask the ALTS Experts)
    This issue's questions answered by Lead ALTS Instructor Bill Meier

    Q: I have a student whose legs sink, no matter what I try. Any tips?

    When trying to float on either their front or back, some students will find that their legs dont float to the surface. This lack of buoyancy is natural and as an instructor, reassure your student that she'll be able to counteract this. Remind your student that head position will have a direct effect on the position of the body in the water. When the head is raised higher out of the water, the legs will sink. Have your student try to float with her head deeper in the water. For some students, the legs will come up if the head is all the way under on a front float. If the legs are still resting on or close to the bottom of the pool, ask the student to kick gently. If this doesn't work, which would put your student in a very rarefied group, have your student put on a pair of fins to make the kick more efficient and keep the toes pointed.

    Q: My student wants to learn sidestroke while keeping her face out of the water,but she keeps tipping onto her front. What can I do to help her correct this?

    Have your student grip a kickboard from the top so her whole arm is supported by the board. If fins are available, have her put them on. With the arm holding the board extended above the head, the student should lean on the board so that the shoulder of the arm holding the board faces the bottom of the pool and the other shoulder is out of the water, pointing toward the sky or ceiling.

    Now, the student should be floating sideways in the water and begin flutter kicking side to side, not up and down with her ear on the side of the kickboard as she looks up toward the sky or ceiling. Once the body position and kick have been established, introduce the scissor kick, reminding the student to "kick, glide, kick, glide." Next, add the pull with the free arm.

    Finally, take away the board, explain the whole stroke, demonstrate this yourself, and ask your student to try the same motion without the board. Once she's comfortable with the motion, take away the fins, and she should be swimming sidestroke.

    Q: My pool has a significant drop-off about 10 feet from the wall. My students freak out when they see the water getting deeper. How can I convince them that it's OK to keep swimming?

    If your student assures you that she's not afraid of deep water, but then freaks out when the bottom falls away, let this happen only once.

    Tell your student to get out of the pool and ask her to tell you about what she just experienced. Then explain that the water that supported her in the shallow end will do the same in the deep end--the only difference is the distance between her feet and the bottom.

    Next, with you in the water holding a floatation device that can support two people, have your student enter the water by the ladder. Move to the side as she holds on to the ladder. Remind your student that you are there to help, if needed.

    Have your student do a supported front float, asking her to look around the pool while her face is in the water. Remind her to focus on the positive. Once your student relaxes, have her glide short distances diagonally at the corner of the deep end, extending the distance as her comfort and confidence increases. Swim along the side toward the shallow end, explaining that she or can stop and hold the side at any point. And don't forget to congratulate your student on her remarkable progress.

    Send your questions to Education Manager Holly Neumann!

    Updated April 12th, 2016 at 02:07 PM by Adult Learn to Swim

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