View RSS Feed

Most Popular Blogs

  1. Annotated Ruling Letter from Kathy Casey

    by , March 26th, 2009 at 07:30 PM (Vlog the Inhaler, or The Occasional Video Blog Musings of Jim Thornton)
    i just received the following via email, and I suspect many of you have, as well.

    I must say that I find the snifter of suit catastrophe in the air absolutely delicious!

    I am going to post Kathy Casey's excellent letter of clarification of what is known and unknown at this point in time, while adding a few comments, questions, observations, and suggestions of my own. Mine will be in red; Kathy's in original black.


    Hi, back atcha! I must say, I have been noticing you, too!

    In light of new swimsuit testing and approval being conducted by FINA according to its recent "Dubai Charter", the following is U.S. Masters Swimming's official interpretation of Swimwear rule 102.14:

    Sorry to be nitpicky here, but how did the international governing body for competitive swimming end up making key decisions in a desert nation?


    FINA approval or rejection of new swimwear introduced after September 30, 2007, will be accepted by U.S. Masters Swimming for U.S.M.S. sanctioned and recognized competition.

    What exactly happened on September 30th, 2007 that made this such a pivotal point in time? Is this when some new suit debuted?

    I Googled the date and managed to find the following political cartoon, but I am not sure what, if anything, this has to do with swimming costumes:

    The following interpretation regarding the use of two suits during competition is effective immediately. This interpretation conforms to the recent interpretations issued by FINA (03/15/09) and USA Swimming (03/18/09).


    For purposes of Article 102.14 of U.S. Masters Swimming Rules of Competition, Swimwear, the use of more than one suit at a time during any U.S.M.S. sanctioned or recognized competition is prohibited.

    This Article 102.14 of which you so confidently speak--how do we know it actually exists? Are you absolutely sure you don't mean Codicil 102.14 of Article Subsection 27-A paragraph 4 xiv?
    How do you intend to prove this to a "B70-Conspiracy-Theory-Friendly" audience of vigilantes? Will the proof be offered in an American court under our, shall we say, highly malleable rules of law? Or do you intend to have it tried in Dubai under some sort of Wahhabi Doctrine, punishable by hand removal?


    1. Question: Can I wear a regular racing suit that is not a body suit?

    Answer: Yes, suits introduced prior to September 30, 2007, are legal for U.S.M.S. competition.

    Must I wear a suit at all? And if I must, must CreamPuff? In the case of an affirmative in the latter case, give me 117 good reasons why.

    2. Question: Can I wear my LZR at nationals in May?

    Answer: At this point questions about suits (those introduced after
    September 30, 2007) for nationals cannot be answered because the new list of
    FINA-approved suits has not been published nor is there a set date for
    publication of that list by FINA. Until FINA publishes the new list of
    approved suits, the current status of approved or rejected suits is in
    effect; therefore, your LZR is currently approved for competition until the
    new FINA list is published. However, should U.S.M.S. officially receive
    information that any of currently marketed suits introduced after September
    30, 2007, have been rejected by FINA, those suits will no longer be
    considered legal.

    You menton "your LSR" as in, I presume, "my LSR." Where is it? What have you done with my LSR? To the best of my knowledge, I have never received my LSR from USMS. Was this a membership premium that I somehow failed to receive? If so, please send immediately, because I plan to use it in all non-Dubai covered competitions.

    3. Question: Why can't questions about suits for nationals be answered now?

    Answer: According to the Dubai Charter (published by FINA 03/15/09),
    manufacturers must resubmit their suits for approval by March 31, 2009. The
    suits will be retested under a new system for buoyancy (no more than 1
    Newton), material (no thicker than 1 mm), and construction (no trapping of
    air), just to mention a few criteria. At the point of publication by FINA
    of newly approved suits, the questions about legal suits for nationals can
    be answered.

    Or, to put it less politely, because we don't want to.

    Na na na na naaaa na!

    FINA, after letting many of you twist in the wind with regards to the IGLA world records situation, wants a new issue to cause those whom it "represents" to suffer over for a while.

    Suffering builds character. This is an implicit part of FINA's mission.

    4. Question: How will this impact Masters competitors?

    Unofficial Answer: It's going to ruin them.

    Official Answer: That LZR, TYR, or Blueseventy suit you bought after September 30,
    2007, is legal at this moment, but it could be illegal after the new
    FINA-approved swimsuit list is published. Regardless of the new list, that
    old Fastskin that you have will be legal since it was introduced prior to
    September 30, 2007.

    5. Question: My coach is forcing me to swim the 1650 Free as a training
    swim. Can I wear a drag suit over my jammers?

    Answer: No. Although wearing an extra drag suit may not be perceived as
    having an advantage, the interpretation is that only one swimsuit is

    Ordinarily, one would think that coaches would not be allowed to force you to do anything. However, upon closer reading of the FINA rulings from Dubai, we have found that slavery is, indeed, legal in that part of the world. We encourage you to do what he or she forces you to do, and gladly, or get used to the sting of bullwhips crackin'!

    Try to see the humor here. It is, you must agree, a a rather risible twist on the meaning of "master", eh? And all the time you thought you were the "Massa"!

    6. Question: Does "one suit for competition" mean I can only wear one suit
    for the whole meet?

    Answer: No. You can change suits during the meet, (True or false? you need a note from your doctor documenting an existing yeast or other form of fungal infection, AKA, "crotch rot," aggavated by hours spent in damp clothing?) but you can only wear one
    suit at a time. This restriction applies only to the actual races
    (competition). Where do I sign up as volunteer "Citizen Swimmer Inspector"? Is it true that guys like me will be issued special cards that allow all hours access to the Women's Changing rooms, plus indemnity against any "nuisance" harassment suits filed during the discharge of our inspection duties? You can wear more than one suit during warm-up and
    warm-down. This restriction applies to all types, makes, and models of swim
    suits, but it is not intended to apply to athletic supporters or modesty
    type wear (a single pair of "briefs" or "bikini bottoms or top" or a sports
    bra worn to ensure modesty and privacy).

    I don't get it. Do I have to wear a bra? What about my home-made bubble wrap "modesty" vest cum codpiece? Surely this is still legal?

    Feel free to contact me with any questions.

    Thanks, Kathy. If I can think of more, I will not hesitate to post them!

    Kathy Casey, Chair,

    U.S. Masters Swimming Rules Committee
  2. 200 freesyle NCAA winner mathematically deconstructed

    by , March 29th, 2009 at 12:05 AM (Vlog the Inhaler, or The Occasional Video Blog Musings of Jim Thornton)
    1 Fraser, Shaune FLOR 200 free time of 1:31.70

    Junior Shaune Fraser (George Town, Cayman Islands) swam a career-best mark and UF record in the 200-yard freestyle (1:31.70) to capture the first individual national championship title of his career.

    first 50, dive assisted: (21.57)

    second 50 (23.67)

    third 50 (23.25)

    fourth 50 (23.21)

    If you give the guy 1.5-2 seconds for the start, which may or may not be reasonable, a case could be made for this fellow negative splitting his #1 winning 200 free.

    It would be nice to know what his all out 50 time is, but the closest I could find to this was his split in the 400 medley relay the day before, where he swam the freestyle leg:

    first 50 (19.87) both dive aided and relay start aided
    second 50 22.32 (42.19)

    He also lead off the 400 free relay and got these splits:

    1st 50 20.40
    second 50 22.01 (42.41)

    I am going to go out on a limb here and guesstimate that his fastest 50 is right around the high 19s.

    To simplify the math, let us say 19.87

    Thus his first 50 in the 200 free (21.57) was about 1.7 seconds slower than his fastest all out 50.

    We could quibble a bit about this. The range is probably anywhere from 1 to 2 seconds slower.

    His second 50 in the 200 free (23.67) was 3.8 seconds slower than his fastest.

    His third 50 was about 3.2 seconds slower.

    And his fourth and final 50 was about the same, maybe 3.1 seconds slower.


    Now, for purposes of projection, let us apply the same basic math to me. My fastest time as a masters swimmer, 6-7 years ago, was 1:55.11, or 1.26 times greater duration than his Shaune's 1:31.7.

    Let us call the 1.26 figure the S-J Coefficient, for the "Shuane to Jim Coefficient" or, more simply, SJ.

    My fastest 50 this year is 24.53. Let me take Shuane's "slowdown" compared to his own fastest 50 vs. what he took out his 200 in, 1.7 seconds, and multiply this by SJ and we get 2.14 seconds. Add this back to my own fastest 50, and this would suggest that if I swim a congruent race to Shuane's, I will need to go out in 26.67 seconds.

    Now we move to the second 50, which in Shuane's case was 3.8 seconds slower than his best. Apply the SJ (3.8 x 1.26) and we get 4.79 and add this to my fastest 50, and we see that I will need to swim my second 50 at 29.32.

    Following the same basic mathematical logic, I will need to swim my 3rd 50 at 28.56, and my final 50 at 28.44.

    So, I will need to go out the first 100 in 55.99
    and come back the second 100 in 57.00...

    For a new personal all time best 200 free style swim of 1:52.99.


    1. There is something dreadfully wrong with any math that suggests I could come close to swimming a 1:52.+ unless...
    2. The B70 and/or LZR advantage is really going to help me by providing at least 1 second per 50 and probably a little more or....
    3. I need to factor in a wee bit more Finnish formula age grading wiggle room in the S-J Coefficient...
    4. I am thinking that If I simply add 1 second per 50 here, what might be termed {S-J Coefficient}~Finnish Formula Wigglized, or SJ~FFW, or perhaps even more simply, SJ v.2, then we would have the following splits:

    30.32 (first 100 57.99)
    29.44 (second 100 59.00

    I would be absolutely delighted with this time, but it still leaves an awful lot of dependence riding on the likely soon to be incarcerated swimmer's helper, the B70 flotation device.

    Well, let us see how the math proves to be. I have a Y regional meet next weekend, but the 200 free is on the same day that I swim the 1000, a relay, the 50 fly, the 100 fly, and then one event rest before the 200 free. No B70 either.

    But perhaps Colony Zones will prove a different story. Time will tell.


    Final Note on Above Deconstruction through Precise Application of Math:

    1. It is not an accident that I used red ink to designate Shaune Fraser's excellent 200, and blue ink to designate my less excellent and, in fact, not yet even swum 200. These hues represent the color of our respective bloodstream's after approximately 10 yards into our respective races.

  3. Is that your Gu or are you just pleased to see me?

    by , March 31st, 2009 at 12:48 AM (Chicken's Nuggets)
    It's done!! It's done!!
    The monkey's off my back.
    The 4 hour in 61 degrees or less qualifying swim for the Manhattan race is finally done!!

    I arrived at Windy Point (Lake Travis, Austin) at 8am Sunday March 22nd. Air temp 64, water temp 60. Windy and choppy (it doesn't look so in this photo). Terrified. The longest I'd been was 1 hour at 60 degrees.

    After an extended period of procrastination, personal lubrication (vaseline), and psychosomatic illness, I took the plunge. By this time it was 8.18am.

    I swam a couple of sad, self pitying laps of Windy point for about 40 minutes.

    Feeling miserable and cold, I asked my friend and observer LeighAnn for some hot soup. Out came Stanley, my thermos and second-best friend.

    Life suddenly got a whole lot better.

    Buoyed by my newfound warmth, I headed round to Hippie Hollow to swim with some guys I'd only met via email, but who were nice enough to include me in their morning OW swim. LeighAnn drove the car and paid the hefty $10 parking fee. I swam there in about 25 minutes at an EZ pace to find my new friends already in the water.

    Having checked out Hippie Hollow as a potential swimmin' hole the day before, I knew what to expect.

    Not a problem. I had a very liberal upbringing down-under.

    We swam laps of Hippie Hollow for about an hour and a half, blessed with a constant stream of entertainment provided by nudists engaged in a myriad of activities on the rocky shore. Stanley came to my rescue about every half hour, and although I felt a little uncomfortable, I never got to the point of shivering.

    My new swim buddies, Robert Alford and Tom Fornoff finished their swim, and I realised to my delight that by the time I swam back to Windy Point I'd be more than 3/4 of the way through my swim!! Yippee!!

    By this time the wind had picked up to gusts of 30mph and there were white horses everywhere. Tough conditions, but I think they distracted me from the cold and boredom of swimming alone.

    I took my time returning to Windy Point and there was only about 30-40 minutes remaining when I arrived. One more shot of Stanley and a couple more laps and I was there!!

    My last 10 minutes were occupied by swimming a bit of breaststroke, stretching and watching a catamaran capsize.

    12.18 precisely (not that I was watching the clock..) and I was outa there!!!

    Very happy, very relieved, very grateful to all that helped, and feeling a lot better than expected, I went back to my friend's house, showered, dressed, had some food and a Stella. Bliss.

    During the swim I think I had 2 quart sized Stanleys of chicken broth, some gatorade (can't remember how much), 6 Gu's and an Ensure with a chaser of lake water.

    My only complaints during the swim were a sore lower back (probably from sighting over the waves) and squashed ears because I wore 2 caps (legal!!). I also saw several Texan sized Bass and unfortunately, from below, a middle aged man hiking in nothing but a pair of shoes and a daypack. Quite a point of interest.

    THANK YOU to all my friends in Austin, Texas, for helping me do something I didn't think was possible. My friend LeighAnn Doherty and family, Lynne Smith, David Blanke and my new Hippie Hollows Robert and Tom.

    Can't wait to go back
  4. Pain, Ruminations Thereon

    by , April 2nd, 2009 at 10:49 PM (Vlog the Inhaler, or The Occasional Video Blog Musings of Jim Thornton)

    To my fellow stalkers of CreamPuff, the following will come as no surprise from the forum threads:

    Posted by CreamPuff: So the 1000 was passable with a 10:32. Negative splitted with a 5:17 and 5:15 the 2nd 500. Swam my usual with zero kick of any kind. Had a lovely race with the boys and came in 2nd overall (I think I was around 3rd for most of the race). Lost 1st by 0.5 seconds. Was told I looked very smooth.

    500 was the 2nd day with with el boys. Contrary to Glider's nice comment, the 500 was dreadful. Since seeing my 200 FR at 1:57 with zero kick two weeks ago, I've since been working on swimming with a 6 beat kick @ practices; however, it's only been 2 weeks. Coach and I agreed to not try kicking on the 1000 (too difficult at this point), but we agreed that I'd SDK and kick off every turn for the 500. Although I did make that goal, I was too tired to do the actual swim part and I added 3 seconds to my time of 5:11 - LOL! So, I'm going to stick with my kick and see if it can improve in a season or two or three or four. . . I think I got 5th overall on the 500 although it felt like last place after the 1000.

    Not sure whether the adjective "passable" was false modesty or if CP, AKA, Kristina Ulveling can actually be blase about such times. I made inquiries:

    From Jim Thornton: 1 Ulveling, Kristina 36 Swim Atlanta-GA 5:12.00 5:14.48

    1 Ulveling, Kristina 36 Swim Atlanta-GA 10:34.00 10:32.73

    If you doubled you 500, you would have swim 10:28.86.

    Just amazing swims.

    It seems to me that the SDKs on the 500 probably hurt you more than helped you.

    Possibly, with practice, this will switch around, but I gotta say that SDKs really use up a lot of oxygen and energy and keep you under water a lot longer than you would otherwise stay.

    For a distance swim, I don't know if the extra speed is worth it.

    Anyhow, extremely impressive swims, despite the self-described "passable" rating.

    My question for you is simple: how much does it hurt? When you are swimming the 1000, are you in pain? Do you find yourself saying, "When will this end?"

    Or does it feel relatively good and smooth throughout?

    I tend to suffer during distance events, and I don't know if this is the right approach...

    The truth is, I am almost always in a great deal of discomfort when I swim distance events in such a way as to get a decent time. I wish it weren't so, but it seems to be unavoidable: unless there is pain, I rarely get a very good time.

    from CreamPuff: Jim, the 1000 and 1650 are of minimal discomfort for me. I've been told I have too much left at the end at these races. In retrospect, I did not work that 1000 enough. But there's always next time!!! I am CreamPuff, remember? If I were truly tough I'd be called HammerTime. But be consoled in that the 200 and 500 do burn - and now I cry if I actually add in kick. Great points on the walls and SDK Jim - I agree with you and I think it will take some time to find out what works for me. I only took 1 good SDK and then went into flutter kick past the flags for each turn. Rather painful 20x particularly when you usually do it 0 times in a race.

    In speaking with one of the top 14&Us in the nation this weekend (she goes 10:00 in the 1000), she was saying that it really hurts and is "pretty much an all out sprint." I'm definitely chewing on that thought. . . I may have to try A LOT harder next time. So good news - you are right on par with the 14&U girls!!! I wish I was. Sheesh.

    Whether or not trying A LOT harder next time will help Kristina's time remains to be seen. I don't mean this in a snide way. I just don't know when gluttony for too much pain becomes self-defeating and ends up hurting performance.

    Have you ever noticed how the truly great swimmers of the world, Phelps, Coughlan, Janet Evans, etc. etc. ad nauseam, never look particularly tired after setting their latest world record? It's like they can bound out of the water like newly hatched grasshoppers testing out their elastic legs.

    I mean, it's a cliche, I know, but the best swimmers do look effortless. And I know that it probably doesn't feel effortless on their part. But when was the last time that we saw an Olympic great, or a CreamPuff, for that matter, be so spent at the end of a race that they have trouble beaching themselves on the pool deck, and once having done so (perhaps with the assistance of a ladder, or in a worse case, a couple life guards, or in the worst case, a hoist and coroner) proceded to lose their stomach contents.

    Though my best times have almost always involved a great deal of pain, so, alas, have many of my worst times--where I have died so prematurely that finishing, say, the 1650 becomes highly problematic by the 250 yard mark. Or when my arms turned to tungsten on the last 50 of a 200 and I feared sinking to the bottom where a not up-to-code suction drain would make fast work of the gelatin leaking out of my every exhausted orifice.

    It's one thing to suffer for glory's rewards. It's another to suffer only to get a horrible, horrible time because you suffered too much and couldn't finish strong, or, perhaps, at all.

    The one final muddle factor here: once in a blue moon, I will get very near to a personal best and it all just feels wonderful, almost like CreamPuff's description of
    minimal discomfort. What the hell is going on with this? And why isn't it the norm, not some weirdly bizarre exception that sometimes in retrospect I begin to doubt even happened at all?

    Okay. So here is my question, one that I think hits any swimmer hoping to swim his or her best at a given event, particularly if such even is 200 or longer:
    pain, how much (if any) should you tolerate, and at what point in the race can you afford to allow it to overtake you?

    I mean, I know it's a mistake to do a drop dead, all out sprint on the first 100 of an hour swim.

    And it's also a mistake to lallygag in luxurious stretching ease till 59 minutes and 45 seconds of said hour swim have expired, then really pick it up.

    But somewhere between these extremes, there has got to be a rule of reasonable thumb.

    I need this rule by tomorrow.

    I am swimming this weekend, beginning with a 1000 first thing Saturday morning, and I don't feel like I am in any kind of distance shape at all.

    I would like to do "passable" times in the true (as opposed to CreamPuffic) sense of the word. I would like to avoid the experience embodied by the picture gallery below.

    If you have any suggestions, I would greatly appreciate them before I leave tomorrow for my rendezvous with pain--the old familiar aquatic equivalents of the saw, inquistion chair, and Spanish donkey, respectively.

  5. Is strength in the weight room indicative of ..........

    by , April 7th, 2009 at 07:03 PM (Elise's Fitness Fun)
    O.k. I still haven't figured out if I am better suited for the sprints or endurance events. I wonder if strength in the weight room (or lack thereof) is indicative of the type of swimmer I am. I mean, aren't sprinters going to be naturally stronger in the weight room than distance swimmers? Isn't it unusual for distance swimmers (even middle distance swimmers) to have the power and strength of sprinters?

    Given my age and that I'm female, I really have no idea if I am all that strong. I have nothing to compare myself to and can't seem to find studies or tests indicating what the average woman might lift or even what the average masters female swimmer my age might lift.

    My inclination is to figure that I might be below average on what a female masters swimmer my age might lift and average for a woman. So, should this fact speak to what events I should concentrate on?

    Below is the workout I did today. Still a little weak from last week, but at least I'm getting my strength back.

    One mile run on treadmill

    Bench press: 2 sets of 85 x 8
    Lat pull-downs: 100 x 10, 120 x 8, 140 x 6
    Military press: 10 x 35, 8 x 50, 6 x 65
    Hammer curls: 2 sets of 10 x 10

    Core work:
    1 set of 50 crunches legs on Swiss ball
    1 set of 50 bicycle crunches

    Ankle work:
    3 sets of toes to front toe raises, 3 sets of feet turned out toe raises, 3 sets of feet turned in toe raises

    Updated April 8th, 2009 at 03:25 AM by elise526

  6. Jim: A Newly Minted Marxist Welfare Queen Comin' Atcha

    by , April 11th, 2009 at 12:33 AM (Vlog the Inhaler, or The Occasional Video Blog Musings of Jim Thornton)
    Let me dispatch with the swimming portion of this very belated vlog post haste:

    Results from our local Y regional meet by yours truly were terrible to mediocre.

    1000 free
    1 Jim Thornton 56 SEWY 11:50.12
    32.25 35.04 35.67 35.76 36.69 36.20 36.12 35.74
    36.36 36.39 36.20 36.05 36.38 36.09 35.83 36.05
    35.67 35.26 34.78 31.59

    200 free relay
    2 Sewickley A 174 SEWY 1:36.89
    Thornton,Jim 56 Cox,Mark 40
    Haney,Mark 40 White,Bill 38
    25.26 23.29 24.98 23.36

    50 fly
    1 Jim Thornton 56 SEWY 28.12

    100 fly
    1 Jim Thornton 56 SEWY 1:01.47

    200 free
    1 Jim Thornton 56 SEWY 1:59.28
    27.38 29.50 31.34 31.06
    29.05 32.42

    next day...

    500 free
    1 Jim Thornton 56 SEWY 5:28.42
    29.37 31.44 32.87 33.67 34.24 34.42 34.07 34.28
    33.04 31.02

    200 medley relay--went fly
    1 Sewickley A 174 SEWY 1:49.15
    Cox,Mark 40 White,Bill 38
    Thornton,Jim 56 Haney,Mark 40
    28.34 28.75 27.02 25.04

    100 free
    1 Jim Thornton 56 SEWY 53.39

    50 free
    1 Jim Thornton 56 SEWY 24.80

    I would add excuses, but the truth is the times were bad enough that it's not worth the waste of breath to come up with reasons why they were so terrible. Bill, my friend and coach, told me he thinks it's just been a hard couple months, and I am currently lacking the psychological fortitude to push myself--in practice or in meets--into the state of pain necessary to do well. This was absolutely the case in the 1000, which seemed to set the tone of the disastrous first day. I just didn't have the energy to tolerate suffering. I wimped out.

    Non swimming part of this, summarized:

    1. Our health insurance went up to $1711.50 a month for a plan that requires each member of the family to spend $1400 a year before complete coverage kicks in. For a variety of complicated reasons, we cannot alter any of the terms of the policy. It is a take it or leave it situation. If we leave it, my wife and I have been taking statin drugs and antidepressants and will not be able to obtain individual policies that are not even more exorbitant than the extortionary policy we already have. As close to unaffordable as it is this year, it seems certain that even modest increases in the years to come (as if the bastards are ever likely to be modest) ensure we will not be able to pay, most likely within two or three years.
    2. We got audited by the IRS three weeks ago, and a large part of this was because our acountant set up a plan by which I could pay my wife a salary and give her and her family health insurance as a benefit. By doing this, I could deduct as a business expense not just the premiums but the out of pocket expenses, too. The IRS is challenging this.
    3. If you are self employed and middle class, chances are your largest tax is not income tax but social security. We pay a bit over 15 percent off the top, i.e., before IRA deductions, etc. Those who work for companies pay half, and their employer kicks in the other half. If you work for a decent company, you can also qualify often for group health coverage, which means there is no medical underwriting (AKA cherry picking) involved. A friend who smokes five packs of cigarettes a day and is obese gets health coverage at a tiny fraction of what we pay. He also pays 7.5 percent social security tax and will get much, much higher social security benefits when he retires (assuming he lives that long.)
    4. I later discoverd that Highmark Blue Cross offers a low income insurance policy for families of four earing less than $44,000 a year, adjusted gross income. I can do this! I would save $1300 a month in premiums. It covers four office vists a year, and major in patient and out patient procedures. No prescriptions. So I would either have to switch to all generics, which is fine by me, or--if there is a case where a prescribed drug is not yet available generically--make a trip to Canada or Mexico and try to sneak my supply back.
    5. Did I mention that my accountant told me that one of President Bush's last acts in office was to instruct the IRS not to go after hedge fund managers for audits, because their machinations were much too complex for the average agent to fathom. Instead, target the little guy who works for himself and tries to deduct his home office and his family's health care. Schedule C's, Bush supposedly said, are easy targets beause the are almost impossible to do correctly. Even the dullest IRS agent can find money to pluck here. And the people who get plucked don't have the money to hire top representation that will cost the IRS time.
    6. So, let me get this straight:

    • The Limbaugh Legions praise entrepreneurs, small busines types, Joe the Plumbers, etc.
    • The Wall Street types are given license to steel them blind.
    • US Big Pharma is granted the legal right to join New Zealand as the only two countries in the industrialized world to shameless tout ad on TV direct to consumers for drugs, creating demand for antidepressants, cholesterol lowering drugs, penis inflaters, hay fever and allergy meds, and so forth, all for chronic conditions that often require life time treatment, trumping up demand
    • US Big Health Insurance is granted the legal right to cherry pick through "medical underwriting" any individual who has ever taken any of the above drugs and deny him or her coverage or charge exorbitant rights
    • Big Pharma, furthermore, lobbies to block the reimportation of their drugs from Canada and pretty much any other country in the world, where the exact same thing costs anywhere from 50 percent to 8 times less. The rational: the FDA cannot assure the safety of reimported drugs, even ones in factory sealed bottles. Since the placebo halo effect probably accounts for a good chuck on pharmaceutical efficacy anyhow, those of us willing to take our chances are criminalized if we try to take such importaion into our own hands. Honestly, I wonder why the cartels even bother with cocaine. The big bucks would be peddling affordable Viagra and Lipitor to hedge funders.
    • If you work for a big company, you can qualify for cheap health insurance, but this for all too many people just becomes yet another way to keep you as a virtual indentured servant, putting up with abusive managers demanding you do unethical things to up the profit margins, work nonstop, ignore your family, etc.--all because they know a lot of people have become so stressed out and fat and unhealthy becauseof their jobs they CAN'T quit because they won't be insurable.
    • What, I ask you, is not a PONZI scheme in our modern land of liberty? Every different direction you look just turns your backside to another anal rapist.
    • And on this summary note, then, I proudly announce that I, Jim Thornton, generally affable swimming vlogger, have had enouh of being a sucker. I know I will always be one, that I cannot change my stripes. But by no longer railing against my fate, I have decided to quit the absurdity of financial ambition, of ambition of any sort, in fact, and rather just take whatever I can parasitically siphon off the sinking ship. Low income state sponsored health insurnace! Check! Sell my house and quit paying property tax to the school system tht so nicely educated my kids! Check! Live off pharmaceutical free samples and occasional road trips to Canada and quasi criminal acivities! Check! Use one of my four doctor visits a year to find a quack who will give me a PTSD disability diagnosis and qualify for assistance, food stamps, heat credits, etc. Check! Send away to that guy who dresses up in a suit with numbers all over it for more information on free goverment programs! Check!

    To wit, I would like to introduce myself to all of you who have enjoyed, or not enjoyed, my (of late) erratically posted vlog! I am no longer just your friendly inhaler.

    Think of me now as your new dependent! Whether you like it or not (and I must say, those who absolutely DON'T LIKE IT are the ones that will give me the most satisfation of all! I think I like being your newly minted Marxist Welfare Queen dependent best of all. In fact, I am sure of it.

    I think I am finally going to start seeing some improvements in my swimming times.

    Updated April 16th, 2009 at 01:22 PM by jim thornton

  7. Evil is in me ...

    by , April 21st, 2009 at 05:52 PM (The FAF AFAP Digest)
    Standard resting workout:

    Warm up:

    700 variety warm up

    8 x 50 back @ 1:00

    Was trying for easy speed. Had none, these are the slowest 50s backs I've done in recent memory.

    50 EZ

    Speed Work:

    3 x (25 build free + 25 easy)

    50 EZ

    3 x (25 AFAP kick w/fins + 25 easy)

    3 x (25 AFAP free w/fins + 25 easy)

    50 EZ

    1 x 50 back AFAP w/fins (25ish)

    200 C/D

    Total: 1900


    The evil is in me, and I'm not talking about evilstroke. Seems like full on taper bitchies (confirmed by Mini-Fort), compounded by headache and totally wrenched neck/left trap. Going to chiro tomorrow. Felt dreadful in the water, the worst I've felt in ages. Hope that goes away; trying to ignore it.

    I'm not going to the SCM meet in NY. I called the meet director today just to get a sense of the timeline and confirm receipt of my entry before I booked a flight. My entry was apparently mysteriously lost in the mail. (I didn't make a copy of it.) I don't have a fax machine and couldn't get to one today, as I'm too busy. Entry deadline has passed. So I'm crossing this meet off my list. Hopefully, I can find another one to go to later in the year. Bad luck + taper/sick bitchies is a bad combo. Perhaps it's just better to get back to training anyway!

    Hope I get my mojo back soon. I think a run is needed. Trying to resist the urge to walk right out the door this very minute ... Promise to be less whiney in future posts!

    Updated April 21st, 2009 at 10:13 PM by The Fortress

    Swim Workouts
  8. Body Fat measurements

    by , April 23rd, 2009 at 02:07 PM (A comfort swimmer's guide to easy swimming)
    Since I have temproarily stopped weight training until after nationals, my trainer measured my body fat last night for comparison with when we started in early February. Quite a change in about 10 weeks.

    1st set: (measured in early Feb. Not sure of the date)
    Weight 179
    Chest 37.5
    Abd 35.5
    Quad: L 19 R 19.5
    Calf: L 15.5 R 15.5
    Arm: L 11.5 R 11

    Bodyfat: 18.53%
    Chest 10.33
    Abd: 20.67
    Quad: 20.33

    2nd Set: (April 22, 2008)
    Weight 174
    Chest: 39
    Abd 32.5
    Quad: L 18.5 R 19
    Calf: L 15 R 15.25
    Arm: L 11 R 11

    Bodyfat: 14.93
    Chest: 9.33
    Abd: 19.33
    Quad: 10.67
  9. Book 1: The Old Man and the B.....70, that is

    by , April 28th, 2009 at 11:57 PM (Vlog the Inhaler, or The Occasional Video Blog Musings of Jim Thornton)
    And so now begins the epic trilogy of an old man, a possibly illegal swimming costume, a quest for immortality, and so very, very much more.

    In today's preamble to the first 77-chapter volume of my planned trilogy, I will attempt to do a little scene setting and foreshadowing of themes that will, over the course of centuries, develop slowly but with the inexorability of truth itself.

    Foreward: Who Are These People and Why Should I Care?

    On Friday, April 24th, a somewhat frail man by the name of James Thornton left the Pittsburgh metropolitan area with a single destination in mind: Destiny.

    James did not travel alone. His personal driver was the ever so comely adult-onset swimming sensation, Mermaid. He was also accompanied by the spirit of a heroic lawyer from Hood River, Oregon, by the name of Bill Sumerfield, Esquire, friend to honest men everywhere and champion of the even more numerous ranks of crooked fellows who need his help.

    As Mermaid fiddled with her Sirius radio system hoping to find yet another 80s station to slake her thirst for the songs of her infancy, James thought back to his own teenage years when Tommy Dorsey and Ludwig Von Beethoven drove the hit parade on his family Victrola.

    And so, onwards along the PA Turnpike to Breezewood, then south through a succession of increasingly crowded freeways towards Tyson's Corner, at first flying well beyond the speed limit, eventually slowing to a snails pace, the Mermaid ramrodded her pleasantly dreamy elder ward to the Compound in Vienna, Virginia, a Compound that is home to yet another character in our trilogy, the lovely Fortress herself, whose ownership of said Compound with her incredibly generous husband Scott has been diluted ever so slightly by several years of squatting by James, which has given him legal title to the guest house, though he (James) probably needs to talk to Bill Sumerfield about this in more detail and maybe get another favor from this legendary friend of the crooked (Bill, I can arrange some kickbacks, trust me, the deal I am thinking about here is really, really sweet.)

    Then James woke up.

    At this point, let me quickly provide some pictures of our story's early protagonists:

    Mermaid and the Fortress: Magnificent Lasses the Both of Them, and what indefatigable providers of succour to an Old Man! Does there exist in all of Christendom a quartet of bluer eyes containing nearly so much kindness? I say, look at their eyes, man! Up! Up!

    The Spirit of Bill Sumerfield, Esquire, debating the finer points of B70 legality and a squatter's real estate rights in a Virginia Commonwealth Court of Law. "My client and his suit," he appears to be pleading to an obvious sympathetic and converted to liberalism former hanging judge, "are every bit as legal as my client, Jim Thornton's, claim is to part ownership of the Livingston family home, Your Honor!"

    And finally, James Thornton himself, albeit inhabited still by the wraithe-like specter of Mr. Sumerfield, the two of whom appear in their utter post-400 I.M. Zones Record Establishing Performance exhaustion (this is, I'll admit, a teasing dip into what professional writers call foreshadowing--wherein the ending itself [in this case, unmitigated triumph of every stripe] is never in question. The drama emerges, instead, as a result of the reader's overwhelming itch of curiosity about how such an unlikely protagonist could possibly defy his "three score minus 3 1/2 year" ancience to prove himself.) ] to be possibly coughing up a hairball.

    I seem to have lost control of the previous sentence. Never mind! I shall soldier on like Dickens dim-witted twin, knowing as my smarter brother understood that stories emerge best when serialized over the course of eons and remunerated at a a satisfactory if not exactly handsome per-word rate...

    Chapter 1: Comes A Zonesman.

    In the events I planned to swim at this year's Zones, here were my best times in recent years and my age at which I performed them. For those of you who may have missed earlier mentions of my age, I am three score minus 3 1/2 years old, or 56 and 1/2, and will be FINA 57 for Long Course purposes this summer even though I do not officially become three score minus three until Sept. 24th of 2009, a date that present-minded vlog readers might want to jot down somewhere.

    Anyhow, here are my old bests of late:

    • 50 free 24.53 set at age 56 at the Sprint Classic last fall

    • 100 free 52.90 set at age 55 at Colonies Zones last spring, establishin the new Zones record for my age group and becoming a Zonesman

    • 200 free 1:57.44 at age 56, again at the Sprint Classic last fall

    • 500 free 5:24.57 at age 55, set last spring at Clarion University and out local Y championships here in the Pittsburgh area

    • 50 fly 27.67 at age 56, set this past season at some hard to remember mid season Y meet, albeit after not swimming butterfly for three years to prevent shoulder pain

    • 400 IM 5:11.59, at age 56, ditto for hard to remember Y midseason meet, again, after having not swum the IM for years because of shoulder pain.

    All the above swims were done either in a Fastskin 1 knee skin or one of those Tyr heavily discounted $56 suits that work pretty well as long as the Teflon-like coating remains in tact, that is to say, a few meets.

    Here are the times Bill and I ended doing at this year's Colony Zones while wearing the borrowed suit. I say Bill and I because it was not only the suit that helped me, but the spirit of Bill inhabiting the suit.

    Note: those hoping for endless analysis and dissection of the minutiae here shan't be disappointed! I plan to sautee the numbers every which way from here to CremePuff in vlogs stretching out over the remainder of my life.

    But to very quickly sum up, the suit absolutely helped, but I did not do the miracle times I was secretly hoping for; Michael Phelps has absolutely no cause to look over his shoulder at the likes of me, but I can't say the same for, say, Ryan Lochtke style lesser swimming greats who remain closer to my league as evidenced perhaps by my inability to spell their names.

    Anyhow, it's possible the suit did indeed promote absolutely miraculous improvements over a ruined Jim, but because my times seem to conceal from me the degree of this ruination, I might just assume I am pretty much as good as I was last year and thus modest improvements mean the suit contribute modestly.

    I fully acknowledge the possibility, indeed the likelihood, that without the suit, my "true" times would have proven so abysmal that I would have checked myself into an assisted living facility.

    Who knows?

    Anyhow, for now, here are the times I swam this year along with any improvements over the previous best times of the recent era:

    • 24.17 50 free (.36 improvement; I missed Zones record by .03)

    • 52.86 100 (set new Zones record, breaking my own record from last year by .03)

    • 1:56.07 200 (1.38 seconds improvement over earlier season time; this one set new Zones record and was my lowest 200 time in 5-6 years)

    • 5:24.84 500 (set new Zones record, breaking my own Zones record by 2-3 seconds, though it was also .27 second slower than last year's Clarion time)

    • 27.00 50 fly (best time for me since I did a 26.86 at age 50 six years ago)

    • 4:57.85 400 IM (set new Zones record, my all-time best time)

    Endless analysis to come. Tomorrow, the first of 34 short videos, most lasting no longer than 2 1/2 hours, will begin.

    I hope you can sleep tonight! I know I am much too excited myself to find my way to the Land 'o Nod!

    Updated April 29th, 2009 at 12:22 PM by jim thornton

  10. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30am Workout - 5/4/09 - SCY/LCM

    by , May 3rd, 2009 at 03:18 PM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    WARM UP: 3 X 200, 2 X 150 (All Choice)

    3 X 100 2:00
    1 X 200 Free 3:30
    Repeat set 4X through. For the 100s:
    Round 1: Fl/Ba by 50
    Round 2: Ba/Br
    Round 3: Br/Fr
    Round 4: IM
    (200 free is recovery)

    2 X 200 Kick 4:30
    2 X 100 Kick 2:15
    (All Choice)

    Kids are out - Move to long course pool

    1 X 600 10:00 (1:40 base)
    2 X 300 4:30 (1:30)
    (Freestyle, pull or swim)

    WARM DOWN: 4 X 50 1:00

    4900 Y/M

    Updated May 3rd, 2009 at 03:57 PM by SharksMasters

    Swim Workouts
  11. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30 a.m. Workout - 5/5/09 - LCM

    by , May 4th, 2009 at 02:04 PM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    WARM UP: 2 X 200, 2 X 150 (All Choice)

    5 X 400 Free 6:40
    Swims 1 & 2: Long and strong.
    Descend swims 3-4-5.

    4 X 100 Kick 2:30
    4 X 50 Kick 1:15

    2 X 100 2:00
    4 X 50 Descending 1:15
    Repeat set 3 times through.
    Fly, Back or Breast. IM'ers go 1 round of each.

    WARM DOWN: 4 X 50 1:00

    4700 M

    Updated May 4th, 2009 at 02:24 PM by SharksMasters

    Swim Workouts
  12. Aaaaalisonnnnnnn!

    by , May 5th, 2009 at 10:24 PM (Vlog the Inhaler, or The Occasional Video Blog Musings of Jim Thornton)
    The meaning of the name Alison is 'Noble kind; of the noble sort'.

    The rankings for 2007 for different spellings of Alison.


    Colony Zones was well represented by a mix-and-match assortment of lovely aaa liss son's (phonetic spelling given to prevent ire from the noble kind.)

    The women depictied in my filmic homage are, I am fairly sure:

    Aliswim [ame=""]U.S. Masters Swimming Discussion Forums[/ame]

    Swimmy [ame=""]U.S. Masters Swimming Discussion Forums[/ame]

    Swimshark [ame=""]U.S. Masters Swimming Discussion Forums[/ame]

    And possibly Swimalison [ame=""]U.S. Masters Swimming Discussion Forums[/ame]

    But I thought she said Swimali, but I can't find a link for Swimali, so maybe I misheard.

    Alison Lyrics

    (written by: Elvis Costello)

    Oh, it's so funny to be seeing you after so long, girl
    And with the way you look, I understand that you were not impressed
    But I heard you let that little friend of mine
    Take off your party dress
    I'm not gonna get too sentimental
    Like those other sticky valentines
    'Cause I don't know if you are loving some body
    I only know it isn't mine

    Allison, I know this world is killing you
    Oh, Allison, my aim is true

    Well, I see you've got a husband now
    Did he leave your pretty fingers lying in the wedding cake?
    You used to hold him right in your hand
    Ah, but he took all that he could take
    Sometimes I wish that I could stop you from talking
    When I hear the silly things that you say
    I think somebody better put out the big light
    'Cause I can't stand to see you this way

    Allison, I know this world is killing you
    Oh, Allison, my aim is true
    My aim is true
    My aim is true


    I am continuing to nurse myself back to health from Swine Flu Lite, mostly because I can find no one who will remotely consider nursing me anywhere whatsoever.

    God knows if I was capable of nursing, I would share my ample bosom with a sick boy like me in a heart beat, but--oh, well. Perhaps that is why God made men more naturally generous than women, knowing that if they shared our penchant for kindness, their gender would soon be dessicated to death by the world's sickly demands.

    The exception, of course, to the niggardly doling out of generosity to females will be very evident in tonight's short, palette-cleansing diversion from competitive highlites at the recent Colonies Zones Masters Championships, a meet about which I know the greater swimming community continues to buzz with the astonishing performances of various Zonesmen in general and one Zonesman in particular.

    Life is not all swimming. For the mentally balanced adult individual, a good 2 or 3 percent of life takes place outside a chlorinated environment. It is in this spirit of a break from the water that I present tonight's vlog:
    Four Allisons and Jim's Funeral.

    [ame=""]YouTube - Four Allison's and Jim's Funeral[/ame]
  13. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30 a.m. Workout - 5/8/09 - SCY

    by , May 7th, 2009 at 03:43 PM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    We will be going easy today, Hurricane Man Open Water event Saturday AM. No Saturday practice this week.

    WARM UP: 3 X 200, 2 X 150 (All Choice)

    4 X 200 Free 3:00
    4 X 200 IM 3:30
    4 X 100 Kick 2:15

    Hurricane Man swimmers warm down: 4 X 50 1:00


    400 6:00
    4 X 100 1:30
    Swim the set 2 times through, no break. Warm down as above.

    2900 Y/4500 Y
    Swim Workouts
  14. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30am Workout - 5/11/09 - SCY/LCM

    by , May 8th, 2009 at 03:26 PM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    WARM UP: 3X 250 (All Choice)

    1 X 300 Free 4:30
    2 X 150 50 fly/back/breast 2:45
    4 X 50 1 of each stroke 1:00
    Repeat the set 3 times. Short break between rounds.

    1 X 200 Kick 4:30
    1 X 100 Kick 2:15
    4 X 50 Kick 1:15

    Move to LC

    1 X 800 Pull
    Descend by 200's

    WARM DOWN: 4 X 50 easy 1:00
    Swim Workouts
  15. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30 a.m. Workout - 5/12/09 - LCM

    by , May 11th, 2009 at 01:40 PM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    WARM UP: 3 X 200, 2 X 150 (All Choice)

    2 X 400 6:40
    4 X 200 3:20
    4 X 100 1:40

    1 X 50 1:15
    1 X 100 2:15
    1 X 100 Kick 3:00
    Repeat 4 times through.
    Stroke of choice, no free

    10 X 50 1:15
    25 Fast/25 easy

    WARM DOWN: 4 X 50 easy 1:00

    Swim Workouts
  16. Sarasota Y Sharks Masters 5:30am Workout - 5/13/09 - SCY/LCM

    by , May 12th, 2009 at 02:52 PM (Sarasota Y Sharks Masters GOLD Workout)
    WARM UP: 1 X 300, 1 X 200, 1 X 100 (All Choice)

    1 X 800 Free
    Swim or pull

    4 X 200 3:00
    2 X 50 moderate 1:00
    3 X 200 3:00
    4 X 50 build 1:00
    2 X 200 3:00
    6 X 50 fast 1:00
    1 X 200 fast
    All Freestyle


    8 X 100 2:20
    Odd swims: Kick
    Even swims: Choice stroke, no free

    WARM DOWN: 4 X 50 easy 1:00

    5000 Y/M
    Swim Workouts
  17. 5-15-09 Fast IM and IM Turns

    by , May 15th, 2009 at 02:19 PM (TJ's Blog of Slow Swimming!)
    11:00 AM to Noon at the Downtown YMCA (SCM) coached by Jann.

    400 free - every 4th length drill IM order
    8x50 drill (2 each IMO) on 1:10 - 2/1/2 fly, 6 kk and roll back, 2br/2 fly on breathing on the fly breast, 6 kick and roll free
    8 mid pool 25s on :40 quality (great walls and breakouts) IMO turns as follows
    2 fly/fly
    2 fly/back
    2 br/br
    2 br/fr
    Discuss areas for improvement and repeat.

    Main Set:
    3x150 IM all out (without the free) on 4:00 - Ouch!!! Isn't there a law that says anything over 75 isn't really a sprint? Fort, I'm looking for some backup here!

    100 easy

    1750 meters
    Swim Workouts
  18. 15Apr09 - Friday Swim & Gym

    by , May 16th, 2009 at 02:12 AM (Swim like an Orca, but faster !)
    I try to read most all the blogs here and review the workouts in the Discussion threads. Being the workout thief that I am, I "stole" Chris's workout from yesterday...

    6:10 AM UMHS / YMCA / Solo
    Warm 400

    200 FR good effort on 3:00 (did 2:30)
    200 FR @ 150 / :10 rest on 3:15 (did 3:00)
    2x100 FR on 1:45 (1:15's)
    50 ez on 1:00
    4x50 FR on :55 (:30's) (Workout calls for 200 pace; I don't have a 200 pace yet!)
    50 ez on 1:00
    8x25 on :30 (~:15's)
    100 ez
    Omitted Kick set and 100 ez)
    Stroke (BK)
    100 BK strong/50 ez on 3:00 (gave myself 4:00)
    2x50 BK on 1:00
    50 BK ez 1:00 (more like 2:00)
    4x25 BK :35 ( with a few SDK's did :20's)
    100 FR ez

    Pull - Blue TYR paddles and buoy - 1x400 (called for x2) 5:00

    W/D - 200
    The pool was much colder today, but it was great! I am very sore from stepping up the weight/dryland routine and stepping up my workouts; however, I held to the intervals, this was an a excellent workout...

    Lords Gym-
    Lower Routine/No Cable Cross/Stability Ball routine
  19. Help for Swimmer's Thumb!

    by , May 16th, 2009 at 01:20 PM (Vlog the Inhaler, or The Occasional Video Blog Musings of Jim Thornton)
    Today's belated vlog offers great hope and comfort to the estimated 97 percent of my fellow masters swimmers who suffer greatly, as I do, from the condition known as Swimmer's Thumb.

    In the video below, you will learn all you ever cared to know--and more--about the treatment of this condition.

    But first, a quick catching-up of my recent swimming and--brace yourselves--weight-lifiting activities. After being sidelined for 8 days with swine flu lite and Swimmers Thumb, I returned to the pool and gymnasium with a vengeance, determined to lose weight and pack on muscle.

    I am delighted to tell you that one of these goals is already paying off, at the illusory detriment to the other. To wit: I have gained 5 additional lb. ......
    of solid muscle!

    Here are my activities since getting off the sick bed and thumb ottoman (the numbers refer to yards; the word "weights" refers to Nautilus sessions; and tennis refers to a sport by which a yellow ball is smacked around with sticks with wickety heads attached to their ends):

    1. 3150
    2. 500 & weights
    3. 3200
    4. weights
    5. tennis
    6. 4500
    7. weights
    8. 3800
    9. weights
    10. 5000


    And now, as promised, Help for Swimmer's Thumb!

    [ame=""]YouTube - Untitled[/ame]
  20. 28, Weight Lifting & Swimming: Scientific Controversies

    by , May 17th, 2009 at 09:06 PM (Vlog the Inhaler, or The Occasional Video Blog Musings of Jim Thornton)
    I read somewhere that 28 is the number of times you must do something before it becomes a habit.

    Yesterday, I did the Nautilus circuit for the 5th time since May 7th, so 23more times and I may start doing it habitually.

    Mr. Meat #2 {for some reason, posted Mr. Meat #1 got removed, so I am replacing him with Mr. Meat #2. Is this what Cremepuff looks like underneathe her tight Nike?): Jimby after 23 more Nautilus sessions? (Note: I wonder what equipment I need to train my face to snarl this muscularly?)

    Right now, I am lifting Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays; swimming Monday, Wednesdays, and Fridays; and playing tennis, awfully, based on today, on Sundays.

    Another piece of lore that I read somewhere, and I believe is probably as true as the 28 times business, is that once you get up to speed, weight lifting wise, you can "maintain" strength gains by lifting at least once a week, though twice would probably be better.

    Ditto for those who prefer strength training but want to "maintain" aerobic conditioning. Once Mr. Meat (above) gets into decent aerobic swimming shape, in other words, he should be able to maintain this by swimming once (though preferably twice) a week. I don't think this is competition-worthy shape, but it's enough for "health purposes" shape.

    (Why do I feel I could bet this guy all the money I have now, and all the money I'm ever gonna get, on a 1650 race, and that this would be the smartest investment I ever made?)

    I have a number of questions/comments about weight lifting that I would like to hear answers to, preferably answers based on some kind of literature from the reasonably recent exercise physiology data world.

    If you Google "strength training for swimming performance," you get all kinds of recommendations, the gist of which is that it's going to help your performance.

    But if you do the same search through Google Scholar or Medline, the picture changes rather dramatically. I will paste in below some of the abstracts I was able to find from actual researchers, as opposed to muscleheaded aficionados.

    1. One of the arguments for masters swimmers to weight lift is to counter so-called sarcopenia of aging, the progressive loss of lean muscle mass, which begins around age 25 and proceeds at about a 1 percent per year rate in the sedentary.
    2. On the other hand, in his studies of masters swimmers, aged 22-88, from national competitions, Joel Stager told me that these tended to score in the 82 percentile for their age in terms of explosive strength as measured by vertical leaps, this despite not doing a land sport that requires jumping. Moreover, masters swimmers also seemed to measure much higher in lean muscle mass than age-matched individuals in the general population, this despite not doing weight training per se, but just swimming.
    3. Drs. Stager and David Costill, both very big names in the exercise physiology world, and both masters swimmers themselves, expressed doubt that weightlifting helps swimming performance because the muscles needed to swim fast are very, very specific and almost impossible to simulate with weights (though Dr. Costill suggested the VASA trainer might help somewhat.)
    4. Dr. Costill did indicate that sprint training works as a kind of aquatic strength training in and of itself, adding that "muscle does not know whether it's pushing against water or a piece of $8000 equipment."
    5. Another oft-cited rational for strength training is to help remedy muscle imbalances that can build up when a certain set of muscles are trained way out of proportion to their antagonists. Many of us with shoulder twinges, for instance, are taught to do external rotator cuff exercises with stretch bands, plus other stretch cord calisthenics to build up the scapula muscles, etc. The idea here is to give roughly equal strength to all the rotator cuffs and ancillary muscles mediating movement of the complex shoulder joint. Otherwise, you get a situation akin to a galley ship being rowed on one side by a bunch of Herculeses, and on the other side by a bunch of weaklings. Besides going in circles, the boat kind of breaks down after awhile.
    6. When I interviewed Dara Torres two years ago, she did an amazing array of dry land exercises. She told me that in her earliest incarnation as a sprinter, she did very heavy weights. But now she's having much more success with all this balance ball, core-related, swimming simulating, dry land training. I will try to post one picture now and some more in my next vlog in order to show some of the things she was doing after her stretch cord butterfly simulations (can't remember for sure, but it seemed like she would do sets of stretch cord pulls, much like swimming sets of 100s--all out for a minute or so, rest 30 seconds, repeat, and so forth; to the accompaniment of Golden Oldies music, like Baba OReilly, blasting on her boom box.)

    Anyhow, if you have any ideas about this, I would love to hear them. Let me paste in a few links to some articles I found from a literature search:
    1) Sports Med. 1998 Mar;25(3):191-200.Links
    Impact of resistance training on endurance performance. A new form of cross-training?

    Tanaka H, Swensen T.
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA.
    In accordance with the principles of training specificity, resistance and endurance training induce distinct muscular adaptations. Endurance training, for example, decreases the activity of the glycolytic enzymes, but increases intramuscular substrate stores, oxidative enzyme activities, and capillary, as well as mitochondrial, density. In contrast, resistance or strength training reduces mitochondrial density, while marginally impacting capillary density, metabolic enzyme activities and intramuscular substrate stores (except muscle glycogen). The training modalities do induce one common muscular adaptation: they transform type IIb myofibres into IIa myofibres. This transformation is coupled with opposite changes in fibre size (resistance training increases, and endurance training decreases, fibre size), and, in general, myofibre contractile properties. As a result of these distinct muscular adaptations, endurance training facilitates aerobic processes, whereas resistance training increases muscular strength and anaerobic power. Exercise performance data do not fit this paradigm, however, as they indicate that resistance training or the addition of resistance training to an ongoing endurance exercise regimen, including running or cycling, increases both short and long term endurance capacity in sedentary and trained individuals. Resistance training also appears to improve lactate threshold in untrained individuals during cycling. These improvements may be linked to the capacity of resistance training to alter myofibre size and contractile properties, adaptations that may increase muscular force production. In contrast to running and cycling, traditional dry land resistance training or combined swim and resistance training does not appear to enhance swimming performance in untrained individuals or competitive swimmers, despite substantially increasing upper body strength. Combined swim and swim-specific 'in-water' resistance training programmes, however, increase a competitive swimmer's velocity over distances up to 200 m. Traditional resistance training may be a valuable adjunct to the exercise programmes followed by endurance runners or cyclists, but not swimmers; these latter athletes need more specific forms of resistance training to realise performance improvement.

    2. Effects of repeated days of intensified training on muscle glycogen and swimming performance.

    Original Investigations
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 20(3):249-254, June 1988.
    Costill, David L.; Flynn, Michael G.; Kirwan, John P.; Houmard, Joseph A.; Mitchell, Joel B.; Thomas, Robert; Han Park, Sung

    Excerpt from abstract:
    Nevertheless, their swimming power, sprinting (s-22.86 m-1), endurance (s-365.8 m-1) performance, aerobic capacity, and muscle (m. deltoid) citrate synthase were unchanged as a consequence of the 10-d training regimen. Four of the 12 swimmers were, however, unable to tolerate the heavier training demands, and were forced to swim at significantly slower (P<0.05) speeds during the training sessions.

    3. Dry-land resistance training for competitive swimming.
    Physical Fitness And Performance
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 25(8):952-959, August 1993.
    TANAKA, H., D. L. COSTILL, R. THOMAS, W. J. FINK, and J. J. WIDRICK. Dry-land resistance training for competitive swimming. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 25, No. 8, pp. 952-959, 1993. To determine the value of dry-land resistance training on front crawl swimming performance, two groups of 12 intercollegiate male swimmers were equated based upon preswimming performance, swim power values, and stroke specialities. Throughout the 14 wk of their competitve swimming season, both swim training group (SWIM, N = 12) and combined swim and resistance training group (COMBO, N = 12) swam together 6 d a week. In addition, the COMBO engaged in a 8-wk resistance training program 3 d a week. The resistance training was intended to simulate the muscle and swimming actions employed during front crawl swimming. Both COMBO and SWIM had significant (P < 0.05) but similar power gains as measured on the biokinetic swim bench and during a tethered swim over the 14-wk period. No change in distance per stroke was observed throughout the course of this investigation. No significant differences were found between the groups in any of the swim power and swimming performance tests. In this investigation, dry-land resistance training did not improve swimming performance despite the fact that the COMBO was able to increase the resistance used during strength training by 25-35%. The lack of a positive transfer between dry-land strength gains and swimming propulsive force may be due to the specificity of training.
    (C)1993The American College of Sports Medicine

    Updated May 18th, 2009 at 12:50 PM by jim thornton (post new picture)

Page 4 of 27 FirstFirst 1234567814 ... LastLast